J. Marion Sims
JMC Class of 1835
Known as the
"Father of Modern American Gynecology," James Marion Sims discovered
the knee-chest position that today bears his name and invented the
Sims speculum by bending a kitchen spoon. In addition, Sims opened
the first hospital solely dedicated to the treatment of women. By
the time of his death, Sims was so renowned that the City of New
York honored him by erecting a statue of him in Bryant Park - a
first for an American physician.
Born on 25
January 1813 in South Carolina, Sims graduated from South Carolina
College in 1832. He attended Charleston Medical College during 1833
before coming to Jefferson Medical College in 1834. After graduating
from Jefferson in 1835, Sims began his practice in South Carolina
and then in 1840 moved to Alabama. He recorded early success (1845-1850)
with techniques to repair vesico-vaginal fistulae when he used fine
silver wire for suture material. In 1855, two years after moving
to New York City from the south, Sims opened the first special hospital
for the treatment of women’s diseases in the world: Woman’s Hospital,
at 83 Madison Avenue.
Civil War, Sims lived and practiced in Europe with his family due
to the anti-southern sentiment in the United States. He attended
the poor and rich alike and even operated upon the Empress Eugenie,
wife to Napoleon III. He returned to the US in 1868 and took the
position of Chief Consulting Surgeon to the Women's Hospital in
New York. However, in 1874 Sims resigned when the Board of Lady
Managers refused to admit women suffering from uterine cancer.
to 1876, Sims served as president of the American Medical Association,
then as president of the American Gynecological Society in 1880.
In the last year of his life, Sims prepared an autobiography entitled
The Story of My Life. Chapter eight of this book relates
fascinating stories of his student days at Jefferson.
Sims died in New York City on 13 November 1883.